Brexit was overwhelmingly supported by those in England who were of low income and/or education levels – statistics can be found from polls and charts by:
- New Statesman https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/staggers/2016/06/how-did-different-demographic-groups-vote-eu-referendum
- Stats guy http://www.statsguy.co.uk/brexit-voting-and-education/
- The economist https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2016/06/24/britain-votes-to-leave-the-eu
Persons from a mixture of being economically disadvantaged in a community with minimal opportunities, and lacking qualifications felt economic insecurity. When a community is already struggling in terms of employment, globalised competition with the EU does not seem appealing or beneficial.
There are a number of case studies to draw to for finding ‘left out’ communities who are ‘leave’ supporters:
– BBC podcast where in Wolverhampton a factory was shut down as consequence of increased competition in the industry https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b086s822
– Closing companies in communities such as Sunderland due to Brexit https://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/brexit-companies-leaving-uk-list-job-cuts-eu-no-deal-customs-union-a8792296.html
From a Marxist perspective, the vote to leave demonstrates workers feeling alienated; they are not seeing the benefits of being part of the EU, and in fact feel their communities are suffering from growing competition and globalisation. Financial opportunities to compete appear more likely without outside competition.
Modern work is insecure as workers are expendable (they don’t feel valued). There is no safety net for modern workers when the business is threatened. Workers will be cut off in order to save the business, if it has not already gone bankrupt. Economic insecurities grow with globalisation, by leaving the EU it means less competition.